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Internet of Things… Usage and Prospects in Daily Life

Internet of Things… Usage and Prospects in Daily Life

Internet of Things… Usage and Prospects in Daily Life

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a technology for connecting to the Internet by embedding sensors and communication functions in various objects.

It is a technology that allows objects connected to the Internet to exchange data, analyze and provide learned information to the user, or remotely control it.

Here, objects can be various things from very small temperature sensors and environmental sensors to wearable devices, cameras, home appliances, buses, and trains.

In order for the Internet of Things to be possible, not only the Internet, but also various basic technologies such as sensor and network technology, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and 3D printing must be harmonized together. In particular, the 4th industrial revolution shows the flow of big data obtained through the Internet of Things, stored in the cloud, and analyzed and utilized with artificial intelligence.

 First, let’s look at the case of the Internet of Things in our daily life.

In the case of smart vials, Vitality's smart vial, Glowcap, alerts patients by sound or light when it's time to take their medicine.

There is a sensor on the cap of the medicine bottle, so the sensor detects if the lid is not opened because the patient has not taken the medicine.

Data from the sensor is sent to the hospital and the hospital system automatically texts or calls the patient to take their medication. As a result of observing users, it was found that 98% of patients using the glow cap took the drug.

In the case of aero engine maker Rolls-Royce, a British company, Rolls-Royce, is a company that has successfully applied the Internet of Things (IoT) to the aviation engine business.

Hundreds of sensors are attached to the aviation engine provided by Rolls-Royce, which collects data such as vibration, temperature, pressure and speed in real time.

This data is analyzed through data analysis technology within the company to detect engine faults and replacement timing. Based on this, Rolls-Royce was able to provide a preventive maintenance service that eliminates the risk before an accident occurs. In addition, by preventing engine failure of aircraft in advance, it is possible to prevent flight delays and large-scale fatal accidents that may occur during operation.

For smart bulbs, Philips' smart bulbs Hue smart bulbs. Philips has developed a smart light bulb that automatically changes the color of the light. When the user selects a color, light of the same color is emitted from the bulb.

When a user uploads a photo to the app, you can also make the light appear the same color as the photo. The remote On/Off function is supported by a smartphone, and it is also possible to synchronize the music with the music and change the lighting according to the music. In addition, like other smart devices, it also has an energy saving function.

In the case of a smart toothbrush, a smart toothbrush made by Kolibree can link the toothbrush with a smartphone, and data is transmitted to the smartphone every time you brush your teeth. It analyzes the user's brushing and helps them to brush their teeth properly through a smartphone in real time.

In addition, it is linked with a game to make it fun for children to brush their teeth. Optionally, if the user wishes, this data can also be passed on to the dentist.

In the case of home IoT service, all three domestic telecommunication companies are providing home IoT service. If you use a smart plug, you can turn on/off electricity remotely using a smartphone.

This can reduce electricity usage charges and prevent electricity overheating. In addition, the gas valve can be turned on/off remotely by linking with a smartphone. You can tell if your gas valve is open outside the house and close it without having to go back home. In addition, a variety of services are provided, such as a function that a sensor in the house detects and notifies a smartphone when a thief enters the house. Combined with the voice recognition function, you can remotely control everything in the house with a single voice.

Internet of Things (IoT) technology trends

Internet of Things IoT has emerged as an issue in the IT industry around 2012. It has been selected every year since 2012 in the top 10 strategic technologies selected by market research firm Gartner every year.

Market research firm McKinsey predicts that the IoT market size will exceed $1 trillion by 2020. Looking back on the history of the IT industry, starting with personal PCs and mobile devices, the focus has been on the IoT.

Just as mobile devices outperformed personal computers, IoT is currently outpacing mobile devices and is expected to grow further in the future. The global IoT market size reached $580 billion in 2016 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 14% until 2021.

Internet of Things Due to the nature of IoT, it is essential to analyze big data extracted from multiple devices by connecting them to the Internet. Therefore, the IoT market is dominated by several fields. It is divided into hardware, module/sensor, service, software, communication, platform, security, etc.