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Human death, an artificial intelligence AI that shakes existence right away

Human death, an artificial intelligence that shakes existence right away

Human death, an artificial intelligence that shakes existence right away

Interview with Kim Myung-joo, author of 『AI has no conscience』

“Artificial intelligence could be the last technology of mankind!” is constantly being warned by global leaders. The author states that it is impossible to cover all the side effects, dysfunctions, and dangers caused by artificial intelligence into law due to the speed of development and spread of the field, while arranging the issues that artificial intelligence has already shaken or will shake in the near future. 

In order to live together without being betrayed by artificial intelligence in the future, we propose a social discourse on 'artificial intelligence ethics' as a defensive preparation now. Artificial intelligence research managers at domestic top IT companies such as Naver, Kakao, and KT strongly  recommend 『AI has no conscience』 , calling it 'a textbook for AI ethics, a must-read'.

When you say 'has no conscience', you usually hear negative reviews as 'unconscientious'. The title of this book is 'AI has no conscience.

The title of the book points out the 'objective fact' that AI does not have the 'conscience' that every human being has since it was first created. 

Human beings are conscious of 'ethics' because of their conscience, and through ethics, they judge right and wrong in each situation they encounter in life. However, since AI does not have a conscience in itself, it has no ethics and cannot judge right or wrong by itself. As such AI increasingly judges, makes decisions and takes place on behalf of humans, there is nothing more dangerous and terrifying than this. This is the reason why AI needs 'ethics', and it is a title that paradoxically expresses it.

Isn't 'artificial intelligence ethics' necessary for AI research developers or related businesses? It doesn't seem necessary for citizens or AI users, right?

Most of the AI ​​ethics that we've covered so far around the world are geared towards professionals. However, AI has already penetrated deeply and everywhere in our lives, so now citizens and AI users are highly likely to face great confusion and side effects if they do not know AI ethics. For example, if an autonomous vehicle causes a traffic accident in fully autonomous driving mode, the user is helpless. 

When taking an AI interview for a new employee, if the AI ​​has a prejudice against 'specific people' and discriminates against them, there is little action he can take. If AIs are so human that they grow closer to their owners than pets, some owners will want to treat them like spouses or children, and may even give them an inheritance. Perhaps some of us are in shock as we will soon have to welcome AI as our daughter-in-law or son-in-law. There is already a situation where AI can 'digitally resurrect' the dead to compete with the living. 

Ultimately, the right AI products and services are created when citizens and AI users can make the right decisions about new changes through AI ethics. So my long-standing argument is that AI ethics are more needed by citizens and AI users than by developers or businesses.

If AI ethics are so important, wouldn't it be more convenient to enact it as a 'law' and enforce it? Can't the side effects and dysfunctions of AI be prevented by law in the first place?

'The law is the minimum of ethics, and the law is a boat on the sea of ​​ethics. There is a saying that there can be no law without ethics. Whereas law concerns only the outward manifestations of human behavior and consequences, ethics encompasses the realm of law, yet sensitively deals with unexpressed thoughts and attitudes. Therefore, it is the most natural flow to enact a law with minimum restrictions when an ethics is first established in a certain case and then based on this, when the court book is mature to a certain extent. 

Especially in the case of AI, there is a special reason to preemptively respond with ethics rather than laws. This is because, in reality, the law cannot keep up with the situation that AI creates because of AI's outstanding speed of development and its enormous ability to spread. In addition, the social domain of AI is also vast, making it impossible for a few to manage all in one place. Therefore, the formation of social discourse through ethics rather than the law and the efforts of members to reach consensus should be sufficiently preceded.

AI is still in its infancy. Doesn't it seem undesirable to hold back technological progress through ethics from the start?

‘Iruda’, which appeared in January 2021, is a general-purpose AI chatbot that can have general conversations without being limited to a specific topic, and its performance evaluation index SSA reached 78%. However, due to problems of discrimination, prejudice, and leakage of personal information, the service was abruptly stopped within three weeks of opening. 

If the ethical level required by society had been sufficiently reflected from the time of initial development, if the various conflict situations that could occur when using AI had been sufficiently considered, this situation would not have happened. As such, ethics are not an obstacle to technology development and business operation, but rather enable sustainable development and management.

Many people worry about the future that AI will create. Do you think the dystopia of the future from science fiction movies  can come true?

The gloomy future caused by the reckless use of AI is realistic enough. This book provides examples of situations in which AI shakes up traditional human values. For example, artificial intelligence will digitally resurrect the dead to bring about new changes and make new businesses possible, but at the same time it will also bring about social problems such as defamation of lions, the problem of inheritance, and unlimited competition with the living. no see. 

In addition, virtual humans, not real humans, appear in advertisements, sing songs, and act as influencers. Establishing a relationship between real humans and virtual humans, verifying identity, and deviant behavior within the metaverse will become new social issues. 

Because of AI, we will have more days of trouble and more times of anxiety. If the right perspective on AI and proper usage standards are not taken into account from the beginning, our society will face a depressing social transformation amid great confusion and fear, and there is a high possibility that we will have great regrets.

The book cover design is unique, what does it mean?

The black being in the middle means 'we humans' ourselves. Surrounding him is a humanoid AI in human form. AI doctors who diagnose human diseases, AI singers who sing and play music, AI lawyers who deal with law, AI combat robots that take the place of war. In fact, they are representative AIs that are currently showing considerable performance in each area. 

Since all of these AIs have no conscience, if we do not consider AI ethics from the beginning, the position of humans continues to narrow, showing the possibility of being reduced to AI for AI rather than AI for humans.

AI itself is a difficult technology, and ethics is a rather rigid subject. Will the average reader be able to understand it enough?

Ethics can feel uninteresting and rigid, so we talked about it more easily and solved ethical issues in an interesting way focusing on cases and cases. Through this book, I hope that readers will be reborn as good 'digital citizens' who possess a large frame of AI ethics.