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Where are service robots used?

What is an example of a service robots?

The Disney DIS-US 1.42%  movie "Big Hero 6" that touched countless people describes a young scientist, with the help of the robot "BayMax" (BayMax), forming a high-tech battle team with friends to find out the truth about the cause of his brother's death and The story of fighting the bad guys.

Cup Noodles is a medical robot built by the protagonist's brother. It can scan the owner's physical condition, diagnose diseases, and give corresponding drugs or treatments. 
In addition, the round, soft, snow-white shape of the cup noodles is also popular audience. Many people shouted: It would be great if such a "healing" robot could really appear in reality!
 Now, it is no longer just a product of human imagination. 
With the evolution of technology, Service Robots that can meet human needs have jumped into the mainstream of new technology development.

What is a service robots?

Service robots refer to robots that serve human life or special tasks that do not include industrial production. 
Service robots are placed in a variety of complex environments. Compared with industrial robots, they are usually in standardized manufacturing processes. 
Because they often need to interact with people and complex environments, they must be more flexible. 
Therefore, an important condition for a service robots is that it must "have a certain degree of autonomy", to escape the rigid form of an instruction and an action, but to be able to respond to received information and adjust to changes in the environment.

Similar to the structure of industrial robots: service robots are also composed of drive devices, motorized devices, control systems, sensing and communication devices. 
In addition to the refinement of motion structure and human simulation, the development route of service robots is the most eye-catching technology. 
Because the masses and environments faced by service robots are very complex, they are equipped with various senses that imitate the five senses of human beings. Sensors are relatively important. 
In addition to vision, hearing and touch, they also focus on systems such as face/body gesture recognition and voice recognition to enhance communication capabilities. In addition, the combination of artificial intelligence and cloud network systems has gradually become the future development direction. 
Intelligent service robots can respond to environmental conditions in a timely manner, become more autonomous in operation, and can more easily integrate into society and be used by humans. .
Generally speaking, service robots are divided into two categories according to whether they are commercial or not: personal/home robots and professional robots. 
Most professional robots are tailor-made for the industry, such as agriculture, disaster relief, underwater, construction, etc.; personal/home robots include family affairs and educational entertainment, and common ones include cleaning and elderly care.

In addition to the continuous investment of R&D energy by robot manufacturers, international software technology leaders such as Google and Apple are also rushing to enter this field. 
One of the most concerning is the trend of Google. In addition to the acquisition of eight robot companies in one go, in the 2013 World Robot Competition, in response to the rescue theme of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, Google even won the championship and runner-up in one go. 
Announced that robots are about to become a hot topic in the next era. 
However, due to the high technical threshold of multi-tasking robots that can successfully adapt to the society and cope with various living conditions, the robots that currently account for most of the output value of the market are still mainly robots that serve specific needs. Among them, the common household tasks such as sweeping robots Type robots account for the vast majority.

Service robots: Serving the Elderly and the Sick

With the general trend of an aging society in the future, the life care of the elderly is gradually becoming one of the mainstream issues today. 
Therefore, robots that can assist the elderly in their lives have developed in a variety of ways. 
In addition to helping with fetching and transporting, they also provide functions such as remote care and audio-visual entertainment. 
In addition, medical care for people with reduced mobility is a major trend, which can assist patients in getting in and out of wheelchairs, walking for rehabilitation, etc. 
In addition, there are also robots that provide life companionship. 
In addition to reducing the pressure on caregivers and patients, they also provide psychological comfort and help patients relax more. The cup noodles mentioned in the citation belong to this category.

Service robots: Serving a variety of industries

In surgical operations, robots will play the role of surgeon assistants, which is expected to reduce the probability of accidents; in farmland, robots can be responsible for daily crop care, picking, harvesting and weeding, which greatly reduces the labor burden; in the construction industry In China, the robot can undertake the heavy lifting work, improve work efficiency and reduce the probability of harm to workers; when working underwater, the robot can overcome the water pressure and be responsible for deep-sea exploration and recording; in the office, the robot can play the role of assistant , record the path of the office and lead the guests to guide, deliver items, tea, or record the communication meeting, etc.

Service robots: Serving Security/Defense/Military Rescue

In addition to security robots that can patrol and detect danger in the community, there are also fire-fighting robots that can work at the fire scene. 
In addition to the functions of fire fighting, information camera and collection, it is also equipped with climbing rescue and ambulance designs, which can reduce the risk of high-risk situations. The probability of an accident for disaster responders in the environment. Robots can also assist in disaster relief work at major disaster sites, such as cleanup of nuclear power disaster sites, earthquake rescue, detection of poisonous gas or removal of explosives.

Reflections on Service Robots

Although service robots bring more convenience to people, increase the protection of personal safety and health, and improve the quality of human life. 
On the other hand, when robots are introduced in various industries one after another, there are doubts that human jobs will disappear as a result. 
When service providers introduce robots to work with lower technical thresholds, such as replacing clerks at the cashier, ordering service staff, and truck drivers with robots, what will happen to the people who were originally engaged in these jobs? 
In the future of lower costs and the gradual popularization of robots, how to protect the rights of original workers when machines enter the workplace, and how to divide the work division between humans and robots, will become important issues that countries must face when promoting the application of robots.

Another controversial issue has to do with artificial intelligence. The wonderful game between Alpha Go developed by Google and Korean professional chess player Lee Sedol has attracted worldwide attention. 
Alpha Go finally won 4:1, showing the world that the development of artificial intelligence cannot be underestimated. At the same time, the speed of robot intelligence is amazing. 
The fear of robots unifying human beings in the movie "The Terminator" is no longer just a dream of a few people. Therefore, while vigorously developing intelligent robots, many people have also started to invest in "The Terminator". Inhibition" robot research.

The British company Deep Mind, which developed Alpha Go, recently proposed the idea of ​​installing a "cut-off switch" for the robot, which is to control the robot to make incorrect or irreversible behaviors, so as to prevent the robot from "self-learning". "The threat that followed. 
At the end of 2015, Elon Musk, the founder of Tesla TSLA-US 0.69%  , and Sam Altman, the president of the YC incubator, jointly established the artificial intelligence non-profit organization "OpenAI", hoping to eliminate the possible consequences of artificial intelligence in the future.

Whether service robots will become a great boon to human life, or go astray under the temptation of advanced technology, must ultimately depend on human beings. 
When looking at the development of service robots, it is important to keep in mind: they will eventually be machines that assist humans, and how do we use them well?