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Agronomy ‘s Artificial Intelligence: what a revolution affecting agriculture in korea !!!!


Agronomy ‘s Artificial Intelligence: what a revolution affecting agriculture in korea !!!!

Agronomy ‘s Artificial Intelligence: what 

revolution affecting agriculture in korea !!!!


To start:

Yoo Yu-yeol, secretary of the agricultural industry policy department of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Smart agriculture is rapidly growing as a convergence innovative growth industry along with the development of ICT technology. In particular, in response to aging and climate change, the need for smart agriculture, which improves agricultural productivity and convenience through artificial intelligence (AI), unmanned automation, etc., continues to increase. 

The government has selected smart farms as eight innovation tasks and has been actively promoting smart agriculture policies. The supply of smart farms expanded from 4,010 ha of facility horticulture in 2017 and 801 livestock houses in 2017 to 6,485 ha and 4,743 units in 2021 (cumulative). It was analyzed that production increased by 33.3% while self-employed hours decreased by 9.8%. Smart Farm Innovation Valley, a base for nurturing smart farm youth and creating an industrial ecosystem, is currently in operation with the first areas (Gimje and Sangju) being completed and operating, and the second areas (Miryang and Goheung) are scheduled to be completed in the first half of this year.

The 'Comprehensive Measures for Spreading Smart Agriculture Based on Big Data and Artificial Intelligence' prepared this time is a plan to create a wide range of outcomes such as promoting the distribution of farms and expanding exports of related products while upgrading smart agriculture with big data and AI. . Going one step further from the 'Smart Farm Expansion Plan' announced in 2018, the policy target was expanded from the greenhouse and livestock center to all fields of agriculture such as open land, and not only hardware such as ICT equipment but also software aspects such as big data and AI were strengthened. In addition, not only production, but also front and rear industries such as manufacturing, processing, distribution, and equipment will be covered, and with young farmers, comprehensive human resources such as research and industrial manpower and existing farmers will be fostered. 


Expansion of investment in the development of core technologies such as Artificial Intelligence control and agricultural work robots

First, for the digital transformation of agricultural environment and growth information, which is the basis of agricultural big data and AI, data collection items, units, methods, and collection equipment are standardized, and standards are established from Smart Farm Innovation Valley, leading farms, and research facilities. Expand the applied quality data collection. When collecting data, it is planned to collect highly useful data sets in consideration of the purpose and purpose of the company's data use.

To support data openness and sharing, the Smart Farm Big Data Platform (Smart Farm Korea) is converted to a private open cloud and operated in connection with data platforms scattered across individual institutions. Agricultural public data such as soil, weather, agricultural production, price, and distribution information are also planned to be provided to the private sector through a one-stop platform. In addition, to promote data utilization, agricultural corporations and companies that use data will be provided with agricultural data purchase and processing vouchers.

Second, foster smart agricultural bases. Four smart farm innovation valleys will be completed and operated by the first half of this year, and approximately 250 people and 40 companies will be accommodated annually at key facilities of the smart farm innovation valley, such as youth incubation centers, rental farms, and corporate demonstration complexes, to support childcare, etc. . While fostering a base for smart farm integration centered on the Smart Farm Innovation Valley, it has been designated as a smart agriculture development district and developed into a core area of ​​related industries by supporting RE100 (replacing 100% of used energy with renewable energy) and granting special cases. make it 

In addition, it plans to create additional regional rental farms that take advantage of regional characteristics, and to reduce the initial burden of starting a business by first renting stockpiled farmland to young farmers. In the field field, an agricultural digitalization demonstration complex was established to establish integrated control of advanced agricultural machinery and AI unmanned and automatic agricultural production models, and ICT irrigation and administrative expenses, and advanced agricultural machinery (drones, unmanned tractors, etc.) Establish a leading model for transition to smart agriculture.

Third, strengthen technical, personnel and equipment support. In order to narrow the technology gap with leading countries such as the EU from the current 4 to 3 years from the current 4 to 2025, R&D support will be expanded to all fields such as greenhouses, livestock, and open fields, and will focus on developing core technologies such as AI control and agricultural robots. We plan to expand our investment.

In response to the demand for manpower in smart agriculture, research and industrial manpower is nurtured by operating a special graduate school for smart agriculture and a manpower nurturing course tailored to incumbents. By supporting the operation of training courses for the application of new technologies in agriculture, it fosters convergence-type talents who can use AI in agriculture.

It will expand the supply of ICT facilities and equipment to farm households, and support the use of services in the form of providing solutions through mobile devices by diagnosing agricultural conditions such as irrigation, administrative expenses, and pests based on AI. In addition, by supporting supply chain management between smart farms and food companies, the foundation for linking agricultural production and consumption data will be expanded. To this end, it plans to distribute smart factories that utilize the Internet of Things (IoT) and big data to food companies.

Establishment of the Artificial Intelligence :Smart Agriculture Promotion

Fourth, spread the Korean smart farm model to the New Southern and Middle East by actively supporting the export of packages including domestic smart farm equipment and technologies. The 'Smart Farm Export Support Team' will be jointly formed with related organizations (Agricultural, Forestry, Fisheries, Food Education and Culture Information Service, KOTRA, and Agricultural Technology Practicalization Foundation) to comprehensively support greenhouse construction, ICT equipment, and complex environment control technology. To this end, we built a Korean smart farm pilot greenhouse in promising countries such as Kazakhstan and Vietnam to promote the excellence of the domestic smart farm and use it as an export base. We plan to maximize the effect. In addition, through Official Development Assistance (ODA), we spread the Korean smart farm model to the New Northern (Uzbekistan, etc.) and New Southern (Southeast Asian countries, such as Vietnam and Indonesia), and cooperated with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to create a water-saving smart smart farm optimized for the Middle East climate. We plan to build a greenhouse and demonstrate and disseminate it.

Finally, a system for the effective promotion of smart agriculture diffusion policy is prepared. The '(tentative name) Smart Agriculture Promotion Act' was enacted to establish the institutional basis for data collection standardization, professional manpower training, core technology development support, export vitalization, etc. to be stably induced. In addition, a five-year smart agriculture development plan will be established to systematically promote related policies, and a system for implementing core tasks such as governance composition and designation of an exclusive agency will be established.

In the meantime, infrastructure has been prepared to nurture young farmers and enterprises in smart agriculture, such as creating a smart farm innovation valley through the promotion of smart farm expansion policies. In the future, the government will strive to upgrade the competitiveness of smart agriculture in Korea to the next level by building big data infrastructure, expanding the supply of farms, upgrading technology development, and nurturing a wide range of human resources. I hope you can develop.