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Quantum/NFT/Military AI?

Quantum/NFT/Military AI?

Here are the top 10 technology forecasts for this year. The report predicted that the importance and influence of digital will be further strengthened during the COVID-19 outbreak.

ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute/President Kim Myung-jun) announced on the 20th that it has published a report titled 'ETRI's Top 10 Technology Prospects for 2022'. 

The 10 selected technologies are
Multi-sensory Artificial Intelligence (AI) Software (SW) 2.0 Quantum Service Digital Human Non-Fungible Token (NFT) Non-terrestrial Communication Real-Time Precision Positioning AI Millitech Cyber ​​Pandemic It is a new geopolitical technology standard.

They were selected based on the analysis of ETRI researchers and domestic and foreign technology trend reports, and are condensed into three major trends: innovation and change, space and experience expansion, and geopolitical tension and conflict.

"The world has now entered an era of full-fledged technological domination," said Lee Seung-min, a researcher at ETRI's Technology Strategy Research Center, the author of the report.

President Kim Myung-joon said, "The purpose of this report is to help establish mid- to long-term investment strategies for national R&D and help set the direction for ICT R&D strategy establishment. After Corona 19, a major change in the world order such as economy, diplomacy, and security is expected. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen national competitiveness through ICT technological superiority.

The report can be found on the ETRI electronic library website or on the ETRI knowledge sharing platform.

Below are the top 10 technologies presented in the ETRI report.

First, it is multi-sensory AI, a part of the trend related to approaching innovation and change. Multi-sensory AI is an attempt to create a human-like flexible AI by combining AI sensory intelligences that recognize and express. It is expected that qualitative growth through this will overcome the limitations of the recently emerged super-giant AI.

Software 2.0 refers to a change in which the subject of software development is not a person but data. Software 2.0, in which data creates its own code, is expected to affect all industries, including autonomous vehicles and drug development. Therefore, the competition to secure excellent data is expected to intensify in the future.

Quantum computing is entering the industrialization stage beyond the laboratory level. Recently, large ICT companies started to provide quantum computing services through the cloud, and the era of quantum service superiority has arrived.

Next is the trend part related to the expansion of space and experience. The digital human has reached a level where it is difficult to distinguish it from the appearance of a real person. It is necessary to prepare for a desirable relationship with the digital human, including human identity.

The NFT market, where laws and institutions are not keeping up with the pace of technological development, is in a state of chaos. It should be noted, however, that NFTs, for the first time since they appeared on the Internet, gave digital files a value of scarcity and ownership. NFTs should be viewed as a long-term trend, not a fad.

Non-terrestrial communication, which is ground-oriented communication at an altitude of less than 120 m, is expanding into three-dimensional space. The advent of Urban Air Mobility (UAM) and the rise of low-orbit satellite communications is hastening the era of non-terrestrial communications. The expansion of space that non-terrestrial communication will bring can change the paradigm of communication and lead to space hegemony and global information dominance.

Real-time precision positioning technologies that can quickly and accurately determine a location without distinction between ground and air, indoors and outdoors are emerging. This will upgrade daily life and industry through new experiences that have never been seen in the past. 

Lastly, there are trends related to geopolitical tensions and conflicts. As AI changes the nature of warfare, AI millitech is on the rise. This means that future defense capabilities will be defined by the quality of AI algorithms, not by the number of tanks, ships, and fighters a country owns. Military powers such as the United States and China are investing more fiercely and outright in the development of AI millitech. The AI
​​arms race has become a reality.

After the COVID-19 pandemic, the digital world has become the center of daily life and economic activity. In this digital world, there are strong warnings about the next pandemic. This is because in cyberspace, the means of attack become more sophisticated and the attack surface expands.

The new geopolitical technology standard is a sign that one world will be divided into two standards. The geopolitical conflict between the US and China is expanding into the digital realm surrounding technical standards. Strategic measures related to digital commerce should be strengthened through standard cooperation with other countries. We need to get out of the matter of choice between the US and China.